Transition refers to the times when children and youth are both moving into the juvenile justice and child welfare systems and from the systems back into their families and communities. Simple communication and coordination efforts and the implementation of basic transition processes, such as timely records transfer, can have a dramatic impact on a student’s engagement in school and avoidance of further incarceration.
The importance of transition services is highlighted in a number of ways in the legislation and policies related to the students who often are served by Title I, Part D. For example:
Title I, Part D, indicates that State Education Agencies must reserve 15–30 percent of N or D funds for transition under Subpart 2.
Section 1401 of The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 2001 includes the requirement to provide services needed to make successful transitions to further schooling and prevent students from dropping out of the education process.
Section 1425 of ESEA states that each Subpart 2 correctional facility shall provide transition assistance to help children and youth stay in school, including coordination of services for families, counseling, assistance in accessing drug and alcohol abuse prevention programs, tutoring, and family counseling.
Title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002 requires States to provide services to assist juveniles in making the transition to the world of work and self sufficiency, and enhance coordination with local schools that such juveniles would otherwise attend.
The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires transition plans be included for special education students 14 years old and older. It also requires that plans for children older than 16 include vocational plans.
Transition Toolkit 2.0: Meeting the Educational Needs of Youth Exposed to the Juvenile Justice System
The second edition of NDTAC's Transition Toolkit brings together strategies, existing practices, and updated resources and documents on transition to enable administrators and service providers to provide high-quality transition services for children and youth moving into, through, and out of education programs within the juvenile justice system.